SOCIOLOGY: PROFESSION AND VOCATION
Interview with Professor Richard Swedberg
Professor Richard Swedberg answers questions of E. Kapustkina and Y. Veselov concerning his scientific career and issues of economic sociology. A selected bibliography of Professor Swedberg’s works is appended.
ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGY TODAY
Swedberg R. New Economic Sociology: What Has Been Accomplished, What Is Ahead An attempt is made in this article to assess what has been accomplished since the mid-1980s in what has become known as "New Economic Sociology". The reason for choosing 1985 as the point of departure has to do with the fact that this year saw the publication of what was to become the "manifesto" of this type of sociology: Mark Granovetter’s "Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness". Research during the period after the mid-1980s is presented and discussed, and is argued that New Economic Sociology has especially drawn on three strands of sociology: networks theory, cultural sociology and organizational sociology. A critique is made of the two main theoretical concepts in New Economic Sociology: "embeddedness" and "the social construction (of the economy)". The paper concludes with a critique of New Economic Sociology and a brief statement of its prospects.
Glebovskaja N. New Economic Sociology: Beyond the Economic Interest
The paper presents one of the directions of economic sociology called by Mark Granovetter the New economic sociology. The author makes an attempt to make clear differences between various perspectives on economic action and to define the boundaries of the approach mentioned above. The most essential controversies are visible between the New economic sociology and economics, especially presented by neoclassical theory. The New institutional economics developed by Ronald Coase, Armen Alchian, Douglass North and Oliver Williamson treated by M. Granovetter as an opponent can be considered a complementary one. As an example of the paper written within the framework of the New economic sociology the author offers the Russian translation of Charles W. Smith’s "Auctions: From Walras to the Real World".
Smith Ch. Auctions: From Walras to the Real World
The main idea of the text written by Charles Smith is to demonstrate essential differences between the way of considering auctions accepted in the neoclassical theory and how it should be done if to consider auctions of the real world. In this connection the author highlights four most interesting stories that took place in his long-term practice. The particular cases demonstrate another dynamics than it was supposed by pure theorists of economics and let us reconsider the level of importance of sociability in the "rational" process of establishing prices. Charles Smith comes to conclusion that auctions of the real world are based on the collective, highly emotional, grouping process of assigning values and material goods.
THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF SOCIOLOGY
Bachinin A. Legal Reality as an Object of Macro-sociological Analysis
The World of Law is a self-organizing system, which is capable to build and to structure itself. It is important for the subjects of law-making to take into account the tendencies of its self-development in order to go in time with them and to derivate resonance effects. Precisely calculated these influences on the system are capable to realize its hidden possibilities. The principles of synergetics require that social actors in a course of their law-making activity bring the legal system on its own line of development according to its nature and the nature of encompassing society.
Semionov V. Social Psychology of Arts as a New Scientific Discipline
The article treats the history, object, and problematics of the social psychology of arts as a new scientific discipline.
The conception of art as a personal communication is discussed, its polyfunctional character is analyzed and its kathartic and antikathartic effects are explored.
STUDIES IN SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Guchinova E.-B. Deportation Trauma of Kalmyks as Experience
The article is based on the studies of Russian historians, memoirs, media materials and field research of the author. It is devoted to the question of historical discourse of deportation of Kalmyks in 1943: from absolute silence even in the private sphere to instrumental attitude to it and numerous publications in newspapers. Different publications about deportation of Kalmyks are analysed in their connection with ideological paradigm. Author considers that informational sieve in translation of this trauma become a message of silence for the next generations. Memoirs published in the last decade were re-record of memory like re-told version of epic song.
Firsov E. The Invariants of Armenian Diaspora in Russian Province
This paper considers the possibility for studying the Armenian diaspora ("spyurk") in Russian province as a whole with the help of the materials of a fieldwork done by qualitative methods by the author. This problem is solved by picking out the invariants in the community under investigation.
On the one hand, these invariants which include the opposition between "bakintsi" and "hayastantsi" (the Armenians migrants from Azerbaijan and Armenia) and between "old" and "new" diasporas have their parallels in many centuries of spyurk’s history. On the other hand, the modern spyurk itself was formed as a result of the global processes in a modern world. The investigational strategy joining these "historical" and "global" approaches is helpful to lay foundation for systematic theoretical analysis of Armenian diaspora.
Rabzhajeva M. Gender Anthropology: Conceptions and Institutions
This paper treats the institutional aspects and development of a new scientific field — gender anthropology. Among the factors which led to its institutional and conceptual formation were feminist movement, gender studies and medical research.
The notion of "androcentrism" is analysed that points to the main task of gender anthropology and gender studies: to provide a scientific instrument for the analysis of differences and hierarchies of women’s and men’ being in the world. The latter allows for the transformation of social conditions and overcoming of androcentrism.
CURRICULA AND TEACHING
Wiener B., Markov A. Some Problems of Russian Graduate School in Social Sciences and Humanities
The essay states that the contemporary Russian graduate school in social sciences and humanities does not correspond to demands of the present day academic market. The authors of the paper try to reveal causes of the situation and to outline potential ways of a graduate school reform. The main elements of the Russian graduate school in social sciences and humanities should become a thorough selection of future graduate students, their two-year training in seminars and tutorials, regular work of graduate students in projects of their research advisors. A creation of experimental graduate training centers will help to spread the graduate school reform over research centers and Universities of the whole Russian Federation.
Semionov V. Sociology and Social Psychology of Arts: Course Outline
RUSSIA VIEWED BY FOREIGN SCHOLARS
Zdravomyslov A. The Russians and the Germans: An Intercultural Communication
This paper a brief description of the reseach project concerning the mutual representation of the Russians and the Germans. The main methodological procedure consisted of expert interview. The interview with Professor of Bielefeld University Juergen Feldhoff was chosen for publication and is presented below.
Zdravomyslov A., Feldhoff J. Russia in German Perception. A Dialogic Experience
NEWS / INFORMATION
Averin N., Kokorev A. Chicherin’s Readings in Tambov
The III Chicherin’s Readings were held at Tambov State University on 4–5 De-cember 2001.
Pogodin S. Academician M. Kovalevsky’s 150 Anniversary
Presented are contributions made by the participants of Conference dedicated to M. Kovalevsky’s 150 anniversary, which was organized at the Faculty of Sociology of St. Petersburg State University on 20–21 September.
NEW BOOKS ON SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
Semenkov V. Valerij Savchuk’s Philosophical Description
Spakova R. Papcke S. Gesellschaft der Eliten. Zur Reproduktion und Problematik sozialer Distanz. M?nster: Verlag Westf?lisches Dampfboot, 2001.
IN MEMORIAM. PROFESSOR DIETMAR KAMPER