THE JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
AND SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY

2002, volume V,
issue 1.


Abstracts

EDITOR'S PREFACE

Kozlovsky V. Sociological Periodicals and Civil Society.

SOCIOLOGY: PROFESSION AND VOCATION

Interview with Oleg Yanitsky

RUSSIAN SOCIETY IN ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

Yanitsky O. Ecological Risc and its Political Interpretation

Bolotova A. New Cultural Codes in Modern Russia

The article presents the results of empirical research on Russian ecological settlement (ecovillage). The inhabitants of ecological villages propagate the ideas of green lifestyle in Russia, they try to make their own lifestyles more environmentally friendly. The author describes the history of one particular ecological settlement called Nevo-Ecovil (Karelia). In this article the particular attention is paid to reconstruction of the cultural code which appears in the ecovillage community. This code is formed on the basis of collective identity and consists of the interpretative schemes shared by the inhabitants. The interpretative schemes is considered in a framework of "we - they" contradictions through which the inhabitants construct symbolic boarders of the community. The basic oppositions are: a city - an eco-settlement, a traditional village - an eco-settlement, Russia - the West. The battery of qualitative methods was used in this research: in-depth interviews, analysis of documents and participant observation.

Tsepilova O. Social Movement in the Region of Environmental Disaster: Rise, Development, and Social Consequences (Kirishi case)

THEORETIAL PROBLEMS OF SOCIOLOGY

Knorr Cetina K. Sociality with Objects. Social Relations in Postosocial Knowledge Societies
(transl. from English by V. Dudina)

The article presents an analysis of object-centered sociality as a social form that constitutes something like the reverse side of the coin of the contemporary experience of individualization. Object-centered environments define individual identity just as much as communities or families used to do. A strong thesis of "objectualization" implies that objects displace human beings as relationship partners or that they increasingly mediate human relationships, making the latter dependent on the former. These developments have something to do with the dispersion of knowledge processes and knowledge structures in social life. Knowledge processes are centered on objects of knowledge. The rise of modern science has provided for a form of object-relations which contrasts with the two major notions of object-relations available in sociology: those linked to commodities and to instruments. This article is the first attempt to characterize this form of object-relations and the notion of object involved in them.

SOCIOLOGY OF VIOLENCE

Sinioutine M. The Mafia Institution: Private Property on Violence

This paper contains a sociological compendium of the Mafia's arcane. Analyzing the history of organized crime in Italy, United States, Japan and Russia during the last century the author assumes that it occurs a worldwide institutionalization process of the private protection of economic transactions. The burgeoning of mobsters' organization and business strategies has concurred with the ambient political and legal trends in the capitalist economy. The future of Mafia institution depends on the evolution of statehood and property regime.

Salagaev A., Shashkin A. Violence and masculinity construction in Russian delinquent gangs

The article addresses both theoretical and empirical questions connected with masculinity and violence. Violence is considered as a major mean of masculinity construction for the members of juvenile delinquent gangs, and the victimisation process is seen as an attempt to de(re)construct other's gender. In the article authors introduce a new definition of the term 'violence' and a concept of 'the deconstructed masculinity of victims'. The conclusions are based on the analysis of 38 qualitative non-formalised in-depth interviews with active gang members conducted in the cities and towns of the Middle Volga region of Russia.

ANTHROPOLOGY OF RUSSIAN SOCIETY

Kuropyatnik M. From Stigma to Consolidation: the Concept of "Indigenous People" in Modern Discourse

The article explores the factors relevant to modern social and political discourse of the concept "indigenous people". It focuses on the transformation of this concept from the notion associated with periphery, discrimination and stigma to the notion emphasised cultural primordialism and legitimised special ethnic rights of indigenous people. It corresponds with some political strategies demonstrated by their leaders.

CURRICULA AND TEACHING

Evers H.-D. Theory of Social and Economic Development: Course outline

NEWS/ INFORMATION

Sociology of Philosophy: Round Table

Sociological Problems of Power in the Context of Russian Transformation

Presented are debates developed by participants of the seminar, which had been organized in St.Petersburg 11-13.10.2001. Debates were focused on research methodology, local elites, regional political regimes in Russia.

NEW BOOKS IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

Orekh E. Regional Russia: the Transformation of Political Regimes / Eds. V. Gelman, S. Ryzhenkov, M. Bri. Moscow: Ves Mir, 2000.

Barygin I. Regional Elites of the North-West Russia: Economic and Political Orientations / Ed. A. Duka. St. Petersburg: Aleteia, 2001.

Kolesnik N. Kovalev V. The Political Transformation of a Region: The Komi Republic in the Context of Russian Reform. Syktyvkar: Syktyvkar State University, 2001.

Reviewed is the V.Kovalev's book "The political transformation of a region: the Komi Republic in the context of russian reform" is devoted to the analysis of post-Soviet political change through the examination of one subject of the Russian Federation.

In Memoriam. Professor Igor Golosenko

 


Copyright © The Journal of sociology and social anthropology, 2001

HTML by Fedorov D.A. , 2002