SOCIOLOGY: PROFESSION AND VOCATION
Interview with Professor Samuel Kugel
Professor Samuel Kugel answers questions of JSSA editor Vladimir Kozlovsky about his life, scientific career, and issues in the practice of sociology in a modern world. A bibliography of Professor Kugel’s works is appended.
CLASSICS OF RUSSIAN SOCIOLOGY
Kovalevsky M. Sociology and Sociologists
A Republication of M. Kovalevsky’s paper entitled “Sociology and sociologists”, published in “Collected Papers for the Benefit of Low-Income students”, (Moscow, 1897).
Kovalevsky M. Sociology in the West and in Russia
A Republication of M. Kovalevsky’s paper “Sociology in the West and in Russia”, published in “New Ideas in Sociology”, (St. Petersburg, 1913).
Golosenko I. Maxim Kovalevsky as Historian of Sociology
This article explores two of the most fundamental of Kovalevsky’s historical works, “Sociology” and “Contemporary Sociologists”, which constitute critical analyses of the theories of a number of social thinkers, past and present. Special attention is paid to the psychological evolutionism of such figures as L. Ward, G. Tard and N. Mikhailovsky.
Bocharov V. Maxim Kovalevsky: The Anthropology of Law and Legal Pluralism in Russia
The article traces the legal and anthropological sources of the anthropology of law, highlighting the contribution made by M. Kovalevsky. Research methodology in the field of legal anthropology has undergone change in conjunction with the transformation of the world politics. As a result, the evolutionary and functionalist views on law were replaced by the concept of legal pluralism, i.e. coexistence of differin legal systems as a normal state of affairs. The history of legal anthropology in Russia is treated in the light of suggestions about its future developments associated with current legal reforms.
RUSSIA IN TERMS OF SOCIAL MICROANALYSIS
Kudriavtseva M. The Dramaturgy of Begging: A Description of an Everyday Practice
The article presents materials from an empirical investigation of beggars in St. Petersburg. Begging is considered in the context of a tradition of symbolic interactionism, i.e., as social interaction in “face-to-face” situation. The beggars are interpreted as a symbolic group that creates any possible symbolic operation organizing the specific social area, a “symbolic field”. The empirical data show the use of a broad range of significant social categories: health (old age and, as result, incapacity), profession, family, abode, etc. One of the most important results of the study is the conclusion that begging is not a typical characteristic of an underclass in modern transforming Russian society.
Solovjeva Z. The Rehabilitation of the Homeless: A Study of a Shelter
The paper presents preliminary results of a case-study of a “Shelter” (Nochlezhka), the nonprofit service organization for the homeless in St. Petersburg, which was conducted in 1999–2000. The research was carried out in the context of the sociology of everyday life (H. Garfinkel, E. Goffman). Homelessness is explored, on the one hand, as a peculiar institutional status. Absence of housing and registration precludes the homeless access to other social institutions (social security, medical care, education, labor, etc.) and homogenizes their life trajectories. On the other hand, homelessness is considered as a specific set of structural conditions in which stigmatization and transformation of self-identity take place. Methods of rehabilitation and reintegration of the homeless into mainstream society are the focus of this paper.
STUDIES IN NEW INSTITUTIONALISM
Radaev V. Perspective of the New Institutionalism: Constructing an Analytical Scheme
This paper develops a strategy for investigating the new institutionalism in economic sociology. An analytical scheme is proposed to link institutional arrangements, structure of incentives, and conceptions of control. Questions regarding the legitimacy of claims on resources and profits, contract enforcements, and business networking are discussed on the theoretical level.
A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON SCIENCE
Zusman O., Zakharchuk T. Bibliographical Investigations of Social Problems in the Field of Scientific Activities
An examination of academic literature permits the isolation of six groups of authors, which be subjected to comparative analysis. They include: the scientific elite, ordinary scientific workers, high-schools teachers, engineers, post-graduate students and ordinary students. In the course of the study 125 specific problems of members of these groups are subjected to analysis. This article constitutes an attempt to describe approaches to the bibliographical reconstruction of research workers’ biography. It gives descriptive examples of methods and results of concrete bibliographical investigations, which the authors of this article had conducted. These investigations are illustrations of the potential to use bibliography in learning certain academic problems.
Lazar M. The Ethics of Science as a New Area in the Sociology of Science
The article traces the development of ethics of science as a new field of philosophy and sociology of science. Its main focus is the ethical norms of scientific research, scientific discussions and communication. Special attention is given to the new ethical dilemmas of modern science, and particularly of sociology in Russia.
Semenkov V., Alexeev I. Loci of Power and Influential Figures in 1990s Orthodox St. Petersburg
This essay considers the most significant Orthodox Church centers of influence and influential figures in St. Petersburg. Speech act theory provides a theoretical line of argument for defining influential figures as those who “make things with words”. As to centers, they form specific groups, a listing of which can be considered as a sociological map of orthodox St. Petersburg.
NEWS / INFORMATION
Zibrova G., Tarando E. Comparative Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities: Method and History
Contains the contributions by the participants of the interdepartmental seminar “Comparative Studies in Social Sciences and Humanities: Method and History”, which took place in Peter the Great Hall in St. Petersburg State University on 27 June 2001.
Sociology of Religion and Modern Religious Consciousness
The round table “Sociology of Religion and Modern Religious Consciousness” was held at the Department of Sociology of St. Petersburg State University on 22 November 2000.
NEW BOOKS IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
Belaev A. The Socio-philosophical Theory of Jürgen Habermas and its Reception in Russian Sociology
All existing Russian translations and critical sources on Habermas sociology are reviewed.
Shcherbina A. Guzevich D. “The Centaur, or On the Binary Character of Russian Culture”