THE JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
AND SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY

2001, volume IV,
issue 2.


Abstracts

SOCIOLOGY: PROFESSION AND VOCATION

Interview with Prof. Hans-Peter Blossfeld

Prof. Hans-Peter Blossfeld answers questions of the JSSA editor V. Kozlovsky concerning his biography, scientific career, and problems of sociology development in a modern world. The bibliography of Prof. Blossfeld is provided.

SOCIOLOGY’S CLASSICS OF THE 20TH CENTURY

Fragments of K. Tachtarevs Sociological Heritage

The republication of some fragments from K. Tachtarev’s book “The science of social life” published in Petrograd in 1919 including the program of his course “The system of sociology” he was lecturing in Petrograd University in the beginning of 20s. The bibliography of Tachtarev’s works is provided.

Golosenko I. Konstantin Tachtarev as a Historian of Sociology

The article explores the intellectual path and scientific career of K. Tachtarev, analyses his historico-sociological conception and its critical appraisal by N. Kareev, and gives the biographical information concerning his relationships with Lenin and the tragic end of his life.

SOCIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF OUR TIME

Schimank U. Sociological Diagnosis of the Recent 20 Years: Theses on Integration of Modern Society

Problems of societal integration still are prominent topics of sociological diagnoses of our time. Important studies of the last two decades from Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States are analyzed with respect to the question, what their messages are concerning the three dimensions of societal integration: social, systems, and ecological integration.

Boutenko I. The Unobtrusive Charm of Postmodernity

The article discusses various attributes of postmodernism that may be evident in both in arts and science, first of all in social sciences and the humanities. The following features are observed: a switch to subjectivity, decentralization and methodological pluralism, major changes in the selection of the object to deal with, eclectics and relativism, attention to uniqueness, disregard of authorities and absence of common frames of references, reconsideration of the primary sources like classics. Special attention is paid to the decrease of artistic and scientific discussions and to the strengthening of the drive to independent and self-sufficient self-expression of the creative figures in both arts and sciences.

It is shown that for Russia who is undergoing the late and accelerated modernization, postmodernism appears even more appropriate as compared to some other societies.

ETHNOSOCIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF RUSSIA AND CIS

Znobisheva E. Russian Young Elders in CIS: Social Competition with the Coevals from the Title Ethnic Groups

The article compares the socio-economic achievements of the 30–35 year-old Russians and their coevals belonging to the title ethnic groups. The modeling is made on the basis of the empirical data of the international longitudinal research project “Paths of a Generation”. Discrimination of Russians under the conditions of new ethnocratic states has been checked on. There have been revealed distinctions between 3 types of models of coexistence of Russians and their title contemporaries: South-Western (Moldova), Central Asian (Kazakhstan) and Baltic (Estonia). It is doubtless that Russians undergo difficulties in adaptation to the new types of communities. However the picture is not one-dimensional but rather mosaic, showing discrepancies between the ethnic groups in different social niches.

Makarova G. Some Ethnic Aspects of Tatarstans Cultural Policy

On the background of democratization, decentralization and regionalization processes the national republics of the Russian Federation obtained legally fixed possibility to determine their own cultural policy and to take their own laws on culture.

Under the circumstances when the national elites stir up the importance of ethnicity, the cultural policies tend to concentrate on the problem of revival and development of languages, folk traditions, and national culture. Thus, if during the soviet era the assimilation model dominated the scene (the state role was performed by the Russian culture), reassimilation wave characterizes the modern period of sociocultural development.

Having declared their sovereignties the national republics of the RF strove to strengthen them by means of priority development of the languages and cultures of their title nationalities.

The good example of such tendencies is the cultural policy of the Republic of Tatarstan — the region where for a long time have coexisted and interacted the cultures of different nations and, first of all, the Tatars and Russians as the most numerous ones.

CINEMA: SOCIOLOGICAL VIEW

Jarskaja-Smirnova E. Gender, Power, and Cinema: Main Directions of the Feminist Film Studies

The article considers the main directions of feminist film studies in the West. Structural, semiotic, textual, psychoanalytic, ethnographic approaches are discussed. The author presents the key works on screen theory and textual analysis. Examples of feminist film analysis are given including critical considerations of several new films from Russia.

Romanov P. Bratherness: Masculinity in Post-Soviet Cinema

This is a sociological critic of the representation of masculinity in modern Russian cinema. The films “Brother” and “Brother-2” reproduce the stereotypes of male aggressiveness and xenophobic attitudes of some post-Soviet cultural approaches. The weapons, violence, women, freedom, fraternity –– this is a symbolic cultural frontiers that frame the space of “men world” and practices of consumption.

 

ESSAY

Zhukov K. Peter the Great as a Cultural Hero of Saint-Petersburg

The essay compares Peter the Great with the well-known mythological figure of cultural hero. It takes him in his founding father aspect and considers three different historical versions of the myth about Peter: tsar-Antichrist, tsar-demiurge, and the “state” version of the myth. The essay provides the brief overview of the present situation and discusses the possible future versions of this mythological theme.

CURRICULA AND TEACHING

Pokrovsky N. General Problems of Sociology and General Sociology as a Problem

The 10 years of sociology development after Perestroika has shown the existence of two contrasting tendencies: 1) the extensive expansion of sociology (mostly in educational and applied form) and 2) the very poor sociological culture not only of the whole society, but of the professional sociological community. The combination of these tendencies led to the deviant character of the Russian sociological path comparing with the modern international trends. The article analyses Russian sociological community, the educational standards, the book market, etc.

New Textbooks on Sociology

Fetisov V. Recent Textbooks on Sociology

Barygin I. Textbook on Sociology Published in Moscow

NEWS / INFORMATION

Rethinking Russian History: the Discussion of B. Mironovs Book Social History of Russia

The discussion of B. Mironov’s book “Social History of Russia”, presented by M. Rabzhajeva, was held at St. Petersburg “Dom Uchenyh” 15 December 1999.

NEW BOOKS ON SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES

Golosenko I. The Masterpiece of XXth Century Russian Sociology

Reviewed is one-volume edition of P. Sorokin’s “Social and Cultural Dynamics”.

Serov N. P. Sorokin’s Integral Theory and Possibilities of its Development

Reviewed is one-volume edition of P. Sorokin’s “Social and Cultural Dynamics”.

 


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