Kozlovsky V. Professionalism and Dilettantism in Sociology
This article attempts to define the professionalism and dilettantism in sociology and the relation of scientific community to a general public. The conception of a scientific journal as JSSA stands in close connection with such problematics.
SOCIOLOGY: PROFESSION AND VOCATION
Interview with the President of ISA Prof. Alberto Martinelli
Prof. Alberto Martinelli answers questions of the JSSA assistant editor A. Tavrovsky concerning his biography, scientific career, and problems of sociology’s development in a modern world. The bibliography of Prof. Martinelli’s works is provided.
SOCIOLOGY’S CLASSICS OF THE XXth CENTURY
Braslavsky R. The Works of Werner Sombart in Russia
The brief overview of W. Sombart’s works in Russia is presented. It introduces the publication of some essential fragments of W. Sombart’s “Jews and Economic Life”.
Sombart W. Jews and Economic Life
The republication of some fragments of W. Sombart’s “Jews and Economic Life” published in Russian in 1912.
Sombart W. Introduction
An introduction into the book “Sociology” edited by W. Sombart in 1922 and translated into Russian in 1926.
Shpakova R. Werner Sombart: Waiting for the Acknowledgement
The author considers some important aspects in the science of German sociologist Werner Sombart, one of the most eminent theoreticians of XXth century. The article deals with analyses of the real opportunities and boundaries of sociological cognition. It is shown that the solution to the main task set in his concept — to complete Marx’ theory — has opened many new problems in various branches of sociology and philosophy. In conclusion it is recognized some fruitful ideas are contained in Sombart’s theoretical heritage which are topical for the methodology and theory of science of our days.
Kapitonov E. Sombart’s Sociology of the Economic Systems and Modernity
The article aims at reconstructing Sombart’s conception of evolutionary development of capitalism and its spirit from heroic stage through trade (commercial) stage into modern one. The concluding part exploits an explanatory potential of Sombart’s theory in relation to modernity.
RUSSIA IN TERMS OF SOCIAL MACROANALYSIS
Achiezer A. Archaization as a Social Science Category (Russia’s Experience)
This article analyses the historical experience of Russian society in terms of archaization that is the mass activation of the archaic layers of culture as a response to society crisis and innovation process.
Kirdina S. The Theory of Institutional Matrices: toward the New Paradigm
Following the institutional approach this article proposes the theory of institutional matrices as a way to a new paradigm in sociology. The central notion is “basic institution” which is the stable type of social practice. Basic institutions regulating the subsystems of politics, economy, and ideology form the “institutional matrix” of society. Two major types of them are distinguished: Eastern (non-market economy, centralized organization, communitarian values) emerging in a communal environment and Western (market economy, federal organization, individualistc values) emerging in a non-communal environment. In every society one matrix dominates and the other is complementary. For example in Russia dominates Eastern matrix with the elements of Western one. The complementary institutions function as a conscious device to provide social equilibrium. The lost of balance leads to a social crisis. Further development of this theory will be presented in the second edition of the book “The institutional matrices and the development of Russia”
RUSSIA VIEWED BY WESTERN SCIENTISTS
Schrader H. The Role of Pawnshops in the Life Strategies of Lower Income Groups — A Preliminary Study in St. Petersburg
In the context of development research the importance of pawnshops as “banks for the poor” is emphasized. This approach is also very important for transformation societies, where everyday life provides an insecure environment for the population. The hypothesis of this research which was conducted with students of the third year of Social Anthropology Department (St. Petersburg State University) was that lombard houses provide important financial institutions in the survival strategies of poor households. Field research took place during summer 1998 in St. Petersburg on the basis of a questionnaire with pawnshop customers, interviews with directors and secondary material. Our research has shown that the average customer of the investigated state-owned lombard house, as well as the joint-stock company belong to low-income households. On the other hand, very poor do not belong to the customers of lombard houses, because they have nothing to offer for pawn. However, not only lower income people are debtors for lombard houses. Other customers belong to the newly emerging middle-class.
Hölscher B., Dittrich R. Advertising and the Russian Way of Media Reception
Like a mirrow and in a sense of moments of construction social reality, contributions of mass media, as well as advertising, influence the perception and formation of market economical shaped lifestyles. They refer to the state of social unequalities. Certainly with different signs the relevance of such considerations gain for comparative research in Easteurope. In this meaning evolution processes of society should be beared in mind, when doing intercultural comparisions. The intention of this paper is to elucidate the point to western readers, that advertising in Russia is perceived like informations. A further object is to present some social structural criteria of the reception of advertising by the example St. Petersburg. Based upon an available media research study for St. Petersburg and upon the experiences of the authors, who had stayed in this city for research work several times, the three most spreaded journals are described with regard to the contents and the audiences presented along attributes, which are relevant for identifing target groups. It should become evident, that market economical ways of life, like they are established in Westeurope, in case of Russia have to be diagnosed in a different way. On this sphere, which is only little explored till now, the presented paper would like to give some ideas, which are summarized in form of theses.
Achkasov V. Russia as a Traditional Society in the Process of Destruction
Author tries to answer the question about reasons of failures of Russian liberalism and liberal reforms. He notes that Russia is not managed by general rules and demonstrates the strong basement of social relations’ quality and traditional views even in conditions of radical changes. The “overtaking” modernisation in Russia creates only “islands of modernity” in traditional society. The main way of its realization is the so-called great “imitation”. It creates only imitation of whole society involving in process of reforms, which is came\initiated from\by the government. But the society in its structure and in its mentality is not ready for radical changes. The sharp break with the past leads only to symbolic and formal changes, and after some time old order comes back. In this situation tradition serves as the definition of reforms’ limits and as their legitimation.
NEWS / INFORMATION
Consortium of Academic Journals of Social Sciences and Humanities Published in Central and Eastern European Countries (Easteurojournals)
SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETIES AND ASSOCIATIONS
Russian Society of Sociologists
NEW BOOKS ON SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES
Osipov I.D. Zamaleev A.F. Lectures on the History of Russian Philosophy: XI–XX century
Denisov A.I. The Political System Formation in the Post-soviet Russia