FIRST RUSSIAN SOCIOLOGICAL CONGRESS
“Society and Sociology: New Realities and New Ideas” — Concluding Document
SOCIOLOGY: PROFESSION AND VOCATION
Interview with Prof. Vladimir Lissovski
Vladimir Lisovski answers questions of the JSSA editor V. Kozlovsky concerning his biography, scientific career, and problems of sociology development in St. Petersburg.
SOCIOLOGICAL CENTERS OF RUSSIA:
THE HISTORY OF SOCIAL RESEARCH IN LENINGRAD — ST. PETERSBURG
Semenov V. The Institute for Complex Social Research: 35 Years of Scientific Activity This essay concerns the history of the Institute from its foundation in 1965 at the Leningrad State University up to now. The well-known psychologist B. Ananev's concept f complex study of man was taken as the base for the foundation of the Institute. Theatmosphere of the cooperative work of many social scientists — sociologists, psychologists, economists, lawyers, philosophers — always characterized the Institute. The main research projects of the Institute were:
The current research topics are the following:
Nowadays the Institute includes 8 laboratories, section of administrative consulting and marketing and 3 research centers.
Dvorjashina M., Kelasjev V. The Complex experimental Human Studying
This article gives a brief account of the past and present condition of the laboratory of applied human studies of the Institute for Complex Social Research affiliated with the State University of St. Petersburg. The results presented in the holistic perspective cover such areas as the elaboration of psychological tests, the theory of personality, of creativity and individuality formation, the life history, the methods of intensive higher education. A version of system approach is suggested allowing the new methodology to be put into empirical research.
Sharov A. Sociological Research in NIIKSI
The article explores the development of the laboratory of sociological research from its foundation in 1965 in the structure of the Institute for Complex Social Research affiliated with the State University of St. Petersburg. The four periods are distinguished, each related to the changing problematic and partly to the changes in leadership:
Samojlova V., Jasjukova L. The Laboratory of Social Psychology
The article describes the development of research topics of the laboratory of social psychology (Institute for Complex Social Research affiliated with the State University of St. Petersburg) covering the period of 35 years. Two factors were especially influential in this process: the State control over science and the ideas of B. Ananjev's scientific school. The development of these ideas stimulated the gradual change of research themes from different aspects of working groups management to the study of social conditions pertinent to the development of personality.
Kitaev P. The Laboratory of Legal Studies: Notes on History
The article traces the history of the laboratory of legal studies which is the unit of the Institute for Complex Social Research affiliated with St. Petersburg State University. It describes the main research topics and the results of investigations carried out on the demand of public authorities. The theory and methodology research is also covered with the stress laid on some fresh ideas formulated by the laboratory members in the sphere of Law. The laboratory contribution in the preparation of legislation documents is also mentioned.
Boenko N. Social-economical Space Research in NIIKSI
This article accounts for the scientific activity of the laboratory of economic sociology and psychology of the Institute for Complex Social Research affiliated with St. Petersburg State University. The founder of the laboratory Prof. V. Polozov set the methodological principles used to plan the working group social development. They served as the base for the planning on the regional level. Nowadays the members of the laboratory study the economic mentality and behavior of the population focusing, in the first place, at the contradictory dynamics of labor motives and values related to them, as well as at the social processes in the sphere of employment, e.g. the social adjustment of different groups. The specificities of social adjustment of people with reduced capacity for work is also the important object of research.
THE CLASSICIST OF THE RUSSIAN SOCIOLOGY:
ON THE 150th ANNIVERSARY OF NIKOLAY KAREEV
Kareev N. Objectivism and Subjectivism in Sociology
Kozlovsky V., Osipov I. Synthesis of Nikolaj Kareev's Sociology and History
The article is dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the outstanding Russian Sociologist Nikolai Kareev. His sociological theory is based on the analysis of the world history. In the core of his theory lies the notion of Superorganic taken in relation to the society and culture. Superorganic is the cultural environment created by the plurality of singular personalities. The latter, in its turn, are formed by the historically changing cultural environment.
Malinov A., Pogodin S. The civilized Unity of the World-wide History: the Philosophy of History of N. Kareev j
The article proposes a concept of Philosophy of History by Russian sociologist and Historian Nikolai Kareev. The aim of Philosophical Study of History, in Kareev's view, is especially a representation of world-wide historical process from common point of view.
Rostovtsev E. N. Kareev and A. Lappo-Danilevsky (Notes on the History of the Relationships in the Milieu of Petersburg's Scientists at the End of the XlXth-the Beginning of the XXth Century)
The article is dedicated to the study of personal and scientific relationships between two outstanding Russian humanitarians A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and N.I. Kareev in the context of history of the Russian humanitarian science at the end of the XlXth — the beginning of the XXth centuries. The author compares theoretical conceptions of the scholars, investigates their attitudes to various scientific schools and research corporations. The article demonstrates the essential difference in the basic theoretical methods of A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and N.I. Kareev. At the same time, in the author's opinion, they were objectively united by the “positivism in broad interpretation” (N.I. Kareev's expression), by the special position of “theorists” in the circle of the Petersburg historians, and also by similar liberal political views. Author notes that not being the scientific adherents, A.S. Lappo-Danilevsky and N.I. Kareev, almost always found themselves on the same side of the “barricades” during the administrative and scientific fights at the beginning of the century, rendering active support to each other in different projects.
THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Golofast V. Wind of Changes in Sociology
This is a review of new methods and approaches in sociology practiced in the last two decades and concentrated, in my view, on the analysis of personal texts (autobiographies, life stories, diaries, memoirs, biographical interviews and so on). New methods are influenced by ethnography, anthropology, history, sociotechnics, high tech revolutions and new onthologies of cultural studies in these areas. Some Russian studies based on discussed methods are evaluated and main related concepts are systematized.
Berner E. Globalisation, Market Failure and Self-help Housing Strategies of the Urban Poor: Some Lessons from the Philippines
Globalisation is a process contradictory in itself: Intensified integration on the global scale is connected with processes of fragmentation and disintegration within the world cities themselves. The immediate juxtaposition of global and local, of rich and poor, of skyscrapers and squatter shacks is characteristic of Manila as of every other metropolis. The persistence of centrally located slums and squatter areas demands an explanation. What are the power resources that allow the poor to defend NGOs, mobilize support of media and church people, and force politicians and land developers to take their existence into consideration.
Russia's large cities, i.e. Moscow and St. Petersburg, are favorably positioned to reap the benefits of global integration. That question is what the impact of this process on their citizens will be. The state's capacity to act as a provider of housing has dramatically decreased, and a long-term economic boom with equitable distribution is an unlikely perspective. City planners will thus face many of Manila's problems, and may find it useful to study Philippine solutions.
Burmykina O. Paternalism: Influence on the Health Culture
The article deals with paternalism as a factor of cultural differentiation and its influence on the health sphere. Sociocultural analysis is employed in order to investigate the genesis and role of paternalism in Russian culture and its main structural aspects. We fixed the sociocultural characteristics of mentality of St. Petersburg's population, which involve attitudes towards attribute responsibility for health and for health culture. We showed the most widespread types of these attitudes.
CURRICULA AND TEACHING
Kozlova O. Teaching of the Theoretical Sociology in Russian State University of the Humanities: the Search for the Effective Conceptualization
This article is devoted to the comparison of different approaches to the conception of the course of theoretical sociology being read in different universities of Russia. The attention is concentrated on the program of the course elaborated and implemented in the Russian State University of Humanities (Moscow). The author considers not only the common features of the sociological education but observes also the distinctions. They reflect in the vision of “sociological landscape”, in the aim of the course, in the defining of knowledge students have got in the process of studying. In the RSUH the attention is paid to the analysis of theorizing in sociology, to the discussion of the role of the theory creator.
NEWS / INFORMATION
The First Russian Sociological Congress
The Scientific Seminar “N. Timasheff: the Russian Sociologist Abroad”
Tarusina I. New Russian Elites as the Condition of Democracy and Economic Reforms
Demjanenko N. Once Again about Pitirim Sorokin